Music Perception Based on the Cultural Background

Ana Kuder, MSc in psychology, participated at the 7th International Conference on Neuroscience and Music in Aarhus, Denmark, in 2021 as a fellow of the B-AIR project. She invited two PhD students presenting their work at the conference, Erica Flaten, a PhD student at the Auditory Development Laboratory at McMaster University in Canada, and Mathias Klarlund, a PhD student at the Centre for Music and the Brain at Aarhus University in Denmark, to a discussion about music and culture. Together, they sought to understand whether music is a universal phenomenon: the perception and affinity to a particular genre of music can namely vary from culture to culture. For example, in Western cultures, we are more attracted to two-beat modes, while in some cultures where people have less contact with Western music, variations of three-beat modes are more common.